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Data Entry: November 2011

Law on Recycling of End-of-Life Vehicles (ELV Recycling Law)

 I. Purpose

The purpose of the Law on Recycling of End-of-Life Vehicles (ELV Recycling Law), which defines role sharing among and responsibilities of automobile-related businesses, is to construct a new recycling system, prevent illegal dumping, reduce final disposal, and make full use of recyclable resources and reusable parts. The Law was promulgated on July 12, 2002, with its gradual enforcement beginning in January 2003. The Law was fully put into force in January 2005.

II. Outline of the Law

(1) Vehicles to be regulated
All four-wheel vehicles (excluding towed vehicles, large and small special motor vehicles and motorcycles)
* The Law deems all end-of-life vehicles to be "waste."

(2) Role-sharing among the parties concerned

  1. Extended producer responsibility
    Automakers and motor vehicle importers are obliged to take back and recycle the three recycled items of shredder dust (crushed vehicles), airbags and CFCs from ELVs (CFCs are to be destroyed).
  2. Related business registration and permit systems
    The Law, designed for proper treatment of ELVs, sets forth a registration system for ELV-collecting businesses that take back ELVs from owners and CFC-collecting businesses, as well as a permit system for auto-dismantling and crushing businesses, and defines their respective roles and responsibilities. (The Law penalizes unauthorized or unregistered businesses.)

(3) Advance recycling fee system
Car owners are required to pay ELV recycling fees for the three recycled items. Recycling fees are established and made public by car manufacturers for each vehicle class.

(4) Introduction of electronic manifest system
An electronic manifest (transfer report) system has been introduced to ensure that information on the transfer and treatment of ELVs is reported over the Internet. This system enables the user to confirm that ELVs are properly recycled by businesses in each recycling stage.
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