Data Entry: November 2011
Law on Recycling of Specified Kinds of Home Appliances
(Home Appliance Recycling Law)
The Law on Recycling of Specified Kinds of Home Appliances (Home Appliance
Recycling Law) was established in June 1998 and fully put into force in
April 2001 for the establishment of a sound material-cycle society. This
law sets forth a novel recycling scheme, the principle of which is to newly
impose obligations on home appliance manufacturers and retailers, in order
to ensure proper waste treatment and efficient use of resources by reducing
wastes and making full use of recyclable materials.
II. Outline of the Law
(1) Specified kinds of home appliances to be regulated (four categories of home appliances)
- Air conditioners
- Refrigerators and freezers
- Washing machines and clothes driers
(2) Responsibilities of waste generators, retailers and manufacturers
To ensure that the specified kinds of home appliances are properly recycled, the Home Appliance Recycling Law sets forth roles of waste generators (consumers or business operators), retailers, and manufacturers, etc. (manufacturers and importers).
 Waste generators (consumers or business operators)
- Shall transfer items that are classified under the four categories of home appliances to retailers in a proper manner and pay necessary collection and recycling fees as demanded by retailers.
- Shall take back the four categories of home appliances that they have sold,
or shall take them back at the request of waste generators who buy new
ones to replace old ones.
- Are required to deliver the four categories of home appliances to the manufacturers, etc.
- Must issue home appliance recycling coupons to manufacturers, send copies to waste generators and keep coupons in storage.
 Manufacturers, etc. (manufacturers and importers)
- Are obliged to take back, from retailers, four categories of home appliances, which they have manufactured or imported.
- Shall recycle four categories of home appliances that they take back.
- Must make recycling fees public.
 Designated body (Association for Electric Home Appliances)
- Shall recycle home appliances whose manufacturers are unknown
- Shall recycle home appliances entrusted by specific manufacturers whose production volume is less than 900,000 units for air conditioners, 900,000 units for television sets, 450,000 units for refrigerators, and 450,000 units for washing machines.
 City/municipal governments
- Shall promote collection, transportation and recycling of used home appliances.
- May deliver home appliances, which they have collected, to manufacturers or the designated body.
(3) Recycling standards
- When recycling home appliances that they have taken back, manufacturers, etc. shall meet minimum recycling rate requirements, as shown below.
- Air conditioners: 70% min.
- Televisions: 55% min.
(LCD/Plasma televisions: 50% min.)
- Refrigerators/Freezers: 60% min.
- Washing machines/Clothes driers: 65% min.
- "Recycling" means removing parts and materials from used home appliances and reusing them as parts or raw materials for new products or transferring them, with or without charge, to those who will reuse them. "Recycling" includes thermal recovery or using waste as fuel. However, it is currently required to satisfy the designated "recycling rates" only in terms of recycling of waste as parts or raw materials of new products.
- "Recycling rate" = Weight of materials recycled / Weight of units processed for recycling
- CFCs and CFC substitutes used as refrigerants contained in home air conditioners, refrigerators and freezers shall be recovered and reused or destroyed.
(4) Home appliance recycling coupon system
The home appliance recycling coupon system has been introduced to ensure that specified kinds of home appliances are transferred from retailers to manufacturers, etc. in a proper manner.
This system enables waste generators to check whether recycling is certainly performed or not.
This system is operated by the designated body (Association for Electric Home Appliances).
Maintained by Global Environment Centre Foundation (GEC)