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Data Entry: November 2011

Law for Promotion of Sorted Collection and Recycling of Containers and Packaging
(Containers and Packaging Recycling Law)

I. Purpose

The Law for Promotion of Sorted Collection and Recycling of Containers and Packaging was promulgated in June 1995 and fully put into effect in April 1997 in order to ensure sorted collection of waste containers and packaging-which account for some 60% by volume of municipal solid waste-recycle them, reduce refuse and efficiently use resources.

II. Outline of the Law

(1) Cooperation among consumers, municipalities and businesses
Recycle systems conforming to the Containers and Packaging Recycling Law are designed to clarify the roles shared by consumers, municipalities and businesses and assign their respective responsibilities.

Consumers: Cooperate with sorted waste collection (discard sorted waste).
Municipalities: Collect sorted waste containers and packaging.
Businesses: Recycle waste containers and packaging sorted and collected by municipalities by themselves or contracting out to designated bodies and recyclers.


(2) Containers and packaging subject to recycling
Containers and packaging subject to recycling refer to containers and packaging of goods, including bottles, cans and paper and plastic products that become unnecessary when the goods are consumed or when the containers/packaging are removed from the goods. The items shown below are subject to sorted collection.

(3) Sorted collection plan by municipalities
For the sorted collection of waste containers and packaging, municipalities shall comply with the national government's basic policies and lay down, and submit to the prefecture, a municipal sorted-collection plan for a five-year term every three years, giving due consideration to the recycling plan formulated by the national government.

Municipalities shall conduct sorted collection of waste containers and packaging according to their sorted-collection plan.

(4) Sorted-collection promotion plan by prefectures
Prefectures shall summarize sorted collection plans submitted by municipalities, complying with the basic policies and giving due consideration to the recycling plan and shall lay down and announce to the public municipal sorted-collection promotion plans for a five-year term every three years.

(5) Businesses with recycling obligation (designated manufacturers/users)

Specified container users: Business operators that sell their commodities in containers (including importers)
Specified container manufacturers, etc.: Business operators that conduct business such as the manufacture, etc. of containers (including importers)
Specified packaging users: Business operators that use packaging to sell their commodities (including importers)

(6) Three routes to meeting the recycling obligation

[1] Self-collection route
Business operators, by themselves or entrusting to an outside party, collect containers and packaging they have used or produced. Collection methods are approved by the competent minister.

[2] Entrustment to the designated body (designated-body route)
Business operators entrust recycling to the body designated by the competent minister (Japan Containers and Packaging Recycling Association), assuming that it is a proper and reliable way of recycling.

[3] Authorized recycling (independent route)
Specified manufacturers/users, by themselves or entrusting to an outside party other than the designated body, conduct recycling. The entire route is approved by the competent minister.



(Source: Website of Japan Containers and Packaging Recycling Association)


Scheme under the Containers and Packaging Recycling Law
Scheme under the Containers and Packaging Recycling Law
(Source: "Japan's 3R Initiatives" published by the Ministry of the Environment of Japan)


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