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Data Entry: November 2011

Second National Basic Plan for Establishing a Sound Material-Cycle Society

1. Progress in Formulating the Second Basic Plan for Establishing a Sound Material-Cycle Society

The First Basic Plan for Establishing a Sound Material-Cycle Society was laid down in 2003 in accordance with Article 15 of the Basic Act on Establishing a Sound Material-Cycle Society to implement measures for establishing a sound material-cycle society in a comprehensive and systematic manner.

Since the Act requires the basic plan to be reviewed five years after formulation, the Central Environment Council began deliberations for a review in July 2007.

- February 25, 2008: Draft approved by Sound Material-Cycle Society Committee, Central Environment Council
- February 26, 2008: public comments (to March 10, 2008)

On March 25, 2008, based on the aforementioned deliberation, the national government approved the Second Basic Plan for Establishing a Sound Material-Cycle Society in a Cabinet meeting and reported it to the Diet.

Key Points of Second Basic Plan for Establishing a Sound Material-Cycle Society

Environmental protection today has become an extremely important issue fundamentally affecting human existence. In light of this problem, the following enhancements should be newly made to help create a sound material-cycle society.
[1] Create a sound material-cycle society on the premise of environmental protection.
[2] Make an integrated effort to create a sound material-cycle, low-carbon and eco-friendly society.
[3] Construct a local recycling zone that contributes to local community revitalization.
[4] In addition to enhancing numerical targets, introduce auxiliary and monitoring indicators.
[5] Pursue the 3R approach to ensuring collaboration among stakeholders.
[6] Improve the levels of 3R techniques and systems.
[7] Ensure Japan's leading role in internationally creating a sound material-cycle society.


2. Outline of Second Basic Plan for Establishing a Sound Material-Cycle Society

[Chapter 1: Present Conditions and Challenges]

[Chapter 2: Mid- to Long-Term Vision for Sound Material-Cycle Society-Up to around 2025]

[Chapter 3: Indicators and Numerical Targets (Target Year: FY 2015)]

[Chapter 4: Cooperation among Stakeholders and Their Expected Roles]

[Chapter 5: National Government's Initiatives]

Indicators and Numerical Targets Set Out in Second Basic Plan for Establishing a Sound Material-Cycle Society
[Material Flow Indicators]
(1) Numerical targets
Input: resource productivity → approx. 420,000 yen/t (approx. 60% increase from 2000)
Cycle: usage rate of recycled goods → approx. 14% to 15% (approx. 40% to 50% increase from 2000)
Output: amount of final disposal → approx. 23 million t (approx. 60% decrease from 2000)

(2) Introduction of auxiliary indicators such as an indicator of cooperation with efforts toward a low-carbon society
(3) Hidden flow/TMR, an indicator used to raise awareness of global environmental issues, and other indicators are introduced to monitor progress.

[Effort Indicators]
(1) Numerical targets

[1] Reduction of municipal solid waste
(a) Per capita/day waste generation
(b) Per capita/day waste from households
(c) Waste from businesses
[2] Amount of final disposal of industrial waste
[3] Citizens' awareness of and behavior concerning 3R
→Awareness: approx. 90%, Behavior: approx. 50%
[4] Promotion of recycling society-oriented businesses
→Market size has doubled (from FY 2000).
(2) Percentage of customers not taking shopping bags, high-ranking municipalities in terms of 3R efforts, and other indicators have been introduced to monitor progress made by individual stakeholders.

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